Print Friendly and PDF

How much power can I get from a 300-watt solar panel?

How much power can I get from a 300-watt solar panel?

18/12/2020

 

 

Solar panels are at the core of any PV system. They largely determine the overall power output of the system, as well as its efficiency, size, and cost. Here is 300 watt solar panel can make your system look like.

Some rough calculations first. Let’s take an average 30 kWh daily energy consumption and 8 hours of daylight. Our solar system would consist of:

30,000 kWh ÷ 8 h ÷ 300 W ≈ 13 solar panels.

At the end of this article you will see how wrong we get it.

 

You’ll never find test conditions in real life

What you can find on the product label are the performance characteristics under standard test conditions: 1,000 W/m² solar irradiance and 77 °F cell temperature. Unfortunately, we can hardly find a place in the world where the sun shines with the same ‘ideal’ intensity 8 hours a day.

Knowing the number of peak sun hours (PSH) in your area will help you estimate your solar panel output. For example, a 300W module installed in California (4.5 PSH/day) will get an average daily output of 1.35kWh instead of ‘ideal’ 2.4 kWh.

 

Grid-tied systems cause 15% loss

The most popular grid-tied systems are connected to the utility grid, so losses are inevitable. They are usually related to wiring, connection, and system availability losses and amount to about 15%. Being a part of a grid-tied system installed in California, every 300W solar panel will produce 1.15 kWh per day.

 

Clouds decrease solar panel efficiency by 10-25%

Solar panel efficiency drops in cloudy conditions by 10% to 25%, depending, for example, on the type of the panels and inverter you choose. Since solar cells are linked together, one shaded cell can affect the performance of the others. What we have in the end is a mere 1 kWh per day.

If a 300 W solar panel installed in California produces 1 kWh/day, it will take 30 panels to cover the average 30 kWh electricity needs. Well, about twice as many.

 

 

Other things that influence solar panel performance

  • - Direction and angle of solar panels. In the southern hemisphere (South America, South Africa, Australia) solar panels get the maximum amount of sunlight when facing north. In the northern hemisphere (Northern America, Europe, Asia, Northern Africa) the best possible direction for solar panels is south.
  • - Solar panel efficiency. The more efficient a solar panel is, the more power it is able to produce. Most solar panels are between 15% and 20% efficiency, but high-quality solar panels can exceed 22%. It is achieved due to the material used (monocrystalline or polycrystalline silicon), wiring and busing (busbars), reflection (glass layer on top of silicon solar cells).

There are a lot of factors to keep in mind when choosing solar panels. 300 W modules made of different materials and installed in different areas at different angles will always generate different amounts of electricity. A1 SolarStore has developed a solar calculator, which takes into account a lot of variables. Enter your ZIP code and the average monthly electricity bill and we’ll show you all suitable system designs and equipment needed.

 

 

 

back to top