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Different joints

Still using a hammer and chisel and a backsaw, we look at other ways to make lattice or picture frames using basic joints. After all, we all like to have picture and mirror frames in our home.


Even if you have a decent set of power tools, you're still going to use a hammer and chisel as well as a backsaw from time to time. Where do you think I got all my muscles from!

Back to basics

Lap joints can be used to build up frames, interlock panels, create pictures frames and in so many other ways. They might not be as strong as dovetail joints, but allow more flexibility when designing decorative projects. In this project we look at the end lap joint, the cross halving joint, and mitre bridle joint. For all these joints you need to divide your timber in half in order to create the joint.

For a cross-halving joint you will mark where you need to cut and then use a backsaw to cut along the drawn lines to half the depth. The remaining timber and board is them removed with a sharp chisel.

You can use a cross-halving joints in a variety of project. Make a timber lattice or overlapping frame, or use for a decorative finish over cheaper board products such as plywood and chipboard to give a professional finish.

An end lap joint is made in exactly the same way as the cross-halving joint, but at the end section of your wood or board.





A mitre bridle joint is a method of making strong picture frames that still have a mitre joint at the corners. Although this joint only goes to half the depth, the front of the joint presents as a true mitre joint.

To make a mitre bridle joint you still need to mark to half the depth of your timber and board, but also use a bevel gauge to mark a 45-degree angle. With you wood or board clamp firmly in a vice, use a backsaw to cut along the half mark and then to cut to half depth along the angle line.